The Covid-19 PARADOX

Updated: May 5, 2020

Recently I received an email from my father, one he received from an infections disease epidemiologist. Parts of the email stood out to me so I am communicating to all of you some of the points made with in the context of our current "safer at home status".

"Like any good scientist, I have noticed two things that are either not well articulated or not present in the “literature” of online media. I have also relied on other infectious disease epidemiologists for peer review of this piece. Specifically, I want to make two aspects of these distancing measures very clear and unambiguous. First, we are in the very infancy of this epidemic’s trajectory. That means that even with these measures in place, we will see  cases and deaths  continue to rise globally, nationally, and in our own communities. This may lead some to think that the social distancing measures are not working. They are. They may feel futile. They aren’t. You will feel discouraged . You should. This is normal in chaos. This is the  normal epidemic trajectory . Stay calm. The enemy we are facing is very good at what it does; we are not failing. We need everyone to hold the line as the  epidemic inevitably gets worse . This is not an opinion. This is the unforgiving math of epidemics for which I and my colleagues have dedicated our lives to understanding with great nuance, and this disease is no exception. Stay strong and in solidarity knowing that what you are doing is saving lives, even as people continue getting sick and dying. You may feel like giving in. Don’t. You should perceive your entire family to function as a single individual unit: if one person puts themselves at risk, everyone in the unit is at risk. Second, although social distancing measures have been (at least temporarily) well received, there is an obvious-but-overlooked phenomenon when considering groups (i.e. households) in transmission dynamics. While social distancing decreases contact with members of society, it of course increases contact within a group (i.e. family). This small and obvious fact has surprisingly profound implications on disease transmission dynamics. The  basic mechanics  of this  mathematical principle  dictate that even if there is only a little bit of additional connection between groups (i.e. social dinners, playdates, unnecessary trips to the store, etc.), the epidemic likely won’t be much different than if there was no measure in place . The same underlying fundamentals of disease transmission apply, and the result is that the community is left with all of the social and economic disruption but very little public health benefit. You should perceive your entire family to function as a single individual unit: If one person puts themselves at risk, everyone in the unit is at risk. Seemingly small social chains get large and complex with alarming speed. IF YOUR SON VISITS HIS GIRLFRIEND, AND YOU LATER SNEAK OVER FOR COFFEE WITH A NEIGHBOR, YOUR NEIGHBOR IS NOW CONNECTED TO THE INFECTED OFFICE WORKER THAT YOUR SON’S GIRLFRIEND’S MOTHER SHOOK HANDS WITH. This sounds silly, it’s not. This is not a joke or hypothetical. We as epidemiologists  see it  borne out in the data  time  and  time again. Conversely, any break in that chain breaks disease transmission along that chain. In contrast to hand-washing and other personal measures, social distancing measures are not about individuals, they are about societies working in unison. These measures also require sustained action before results are evident. It is hard (even for me) to conceptualize how on a population level “one quick little get together” can undermine the entire framework of a public health intervention, but it can. I promise you it can. I promise. I promise. I promise. You can’t cheat it. People are already itching to cheat on the social distancing precautions just a “little”- a short playdate, a quick haircut, or picking up a needless item from the store. From a transmission dynamics standpoint, this very quickly recreates a highly connected social network that undermines much of the good work our communities have done thus far. This outbreak will not be overcome in one grand, sweeping gesture, but rather by the collection of individual choices we make in the coming months. This virus is unforgiving to unwise choices. As this epidemic continues, it will be easy to be drawn to the idea that what we are doing isn’t working and we may feel compelled to “cheat” with unnecessary breaches of social distancing measures. By knowing what to expect, and knowing the critical importance of maintaining these measures, my hope is to encourage continued community spirit and strategizing to persevere in this time of uncertainty . " Jonathan Smith Epidemiologist, Yale University Jonathan Smith , an award-winning lecturer in Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases and Global Health at  Yale University School of Public Health . His research focuses on infectious disease transmission dynamics and he is an affiliate of

So where does this leave all of this? For myself, I am understanding I only have so much control of how this plays out in my own personal life. And right now I am asking my self 3 important questions.

1. How was I before Covid-19?

2. How am I in this present state of Covid-19?

3. And how do I want to be after Covid-19 has left its mark?

We are all afraid, we are all striving to return to our own personal sense of normals. Pursuing through what ever means available, denial, is it as serious as what we are reading? Or protesting, demanding our rights returned? A herd mentality, survival of the fittest. We all have our own opinions and we have all asked ourselves these questions. This virus knows no boundaries, my father in law sits in the hospital as we speak and my mother in law for the first time, in over 55 years can't be by his side. She is devastated. It is an invisible force that needs to be reckoned with, now, the waiting for the majority is a slow financial death. Here in lies the paradox, the contradictory features and qualities if we choose work are we placing a value on human life, if we choose to not engage does it then become a means to an end for financial ruin? What ever your thoughts, I know they are difficult decisions, there is nothing easy or clear about this. Make a choice and hope for the best? Maybe that is what it comes down to, as simple as that is, or as complicated as it could perhaps be.

I am the founder of Project Not Homeless, my course hasn't changed, people are always going to need a hand in life, with or without this virus. We are in the business of helping others, sick, well even more so with the current situation.

So how were you before?

How are you now?

And how do you want to be after?

Tamara Holmes

Project Not Homeless

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Across the country, there are approximately 570,000 persons experiencing life with out any form of stable shelter. A viral tsunami is causing a tidal wave that's far reaching and has hit Los Angeles


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